Purana Quila (Fort) is the inner fort of a very ancient day-hideout city on the banks of river Yamuna in New Delhi. Sher Shah Suri built this fort during his reign from 1538 to 1545. The fort has three huge walls and gates. Inside is a mosque with a two-tier octagonal column. This fort is on the site of Indraprastha, according to Hindu literature used to be the huge capital of the Pandeva’s. While it was built between 1538 and 1545 by the Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, who seized the throne of Delhi from the Mughal emperor Humayun. It is said that the Mughal emperor Humayun died accidentally due to the fall of this fort from below.
History of Purana Quila
It is said that Delhi was first settled by the Pandeva’s as their capital Indraprastha, that too 1400 years before BC, but there is no firm evidence for this. In the south-eastern part of the old fort seen today, some trenches were dug for testing in 1955 and the earthen pieces found, etc. were found to match the antiquities found from other sites related to the legend of Mahabharata. The recognition of the fort land being Indraprastha has gained some strength. Although Mahabharata is considered as a scripture, but many of the Mahajanapadas like Kashi, Kosala Anga, Magadha, Asmak, Avanti, Gandhara, Chedi etc. mentioned in the Buddhist literature "Angusad Nikaya" are also mentioned in Mahabharata. It is an indication that this book is not only mythological but has also preserved some historicity.
Re-excavation near the eastern wall of the old fort was also done between 1969 and 1973. There is no evidence of human settlement during Mahabharata, but from the Mauryan period (300 years BCE) to the early Mughal period, the territory remained full of human settlement. Such evidences have been found in which period-specific coins, beaded, clay utensils, small terracotta figurines of terracotta, terracotta statues, scripted postures (seals) are prominent which are displayed in the museum of the fort.
It is said that the Mughal emperor Humayun had established his own city "Dinpanah" on the same mound on the banks of river Yamuna under which Indraprastha is buried. Subsequently, when Sher Shah Sur (Suri) (1538-45) conquered Humayun, he destroyed all the buildings and started construction of present-day Delhi, Sher Shahi or "Shergarh". Meanwhile, Humayun re-organized and attacked and regained his lost sultanate. It is believed that Humayun completed the construction of the fort in 1545.
Description of Purana Quila
The old fort was originally built on the banks of the river Yamuna, but from the slopes of the north and west directions, it appears that a moat connecting the river was built for safety. The fort wall of this fort is about 2.4 km long and its three main gates are in the north, west and south. Out of these, the western gate is nowadays used to enter the fort. The north facing gate is called the "Talaki Darwaja". It is unclear when and why the use of this door was prohibited. This fort is considered a beautiful example of the cohesion of Mughal, Hindu and Afghani architecture.
Sher Mandal, a two-storied edifice built by Sher Shah. Humayun's library used to be in this building. Here, once Humayun was descending the stairs while carrying the burden of books, then the call of Ajan (Islamic prayer) is heard, it was time for prayer. Humayun used to practice that he would bow down whenever he heard the call of namaz. While leaning, his feet got stuck in a long coat and he lost balance. He died in the first half of 1556 only from the physical damage caused by this accident.
Bada Darwaza Purana Quila Door
The ruins of this monument are still in very poor condition. This southern gate of the old fort can be said to be a direct proof of architecture. There are two huge curved towers with vents on either side of this door. Two chhatris made of black and red stone are present on either side of the arched roof of the door.
However, what has been found from the excavation of ancient sites of Brahmin and Buddhist culture in Sindh gives ample indication of the high artistic achievement of the Sindhi people. But excavations in the 1990s showed that it was only white marble that turned black.
Indraprastha of Mahabharata
Indraprastha, the capital of the Pandavas mentioned in the Mahabharata was probably at this place. These sentences are written on inscriptions at various places in the old fort. Where was Indraprastha, the capital of the Pandavas? People have been arguing about this. But based on the remains found in the excavations, a large section of archaeologists believe that the site would have been the capital of the Pandavas.
Although archaeologists do not have strong evidence for this, the remains of pottery found during the excavations reinforced the fact that the Pandavas were the capital around the fort. The remains of such utensils have been found in excavations here, which have also been found in other places associated with Mahabharata. Apart from this, the context and ancient traditions related to the Mahabharata also suggest that it must have been the capital of the Pandavas here.
There are very few cities in India that are as old as Delhi. According to historians, in the 16th century, the old fort was built on the high mound of the site where Indraprastha was located in the pre-historic period. The Archaeological Survey of India has excavated this fort at several levels. Excavations have found the remains of ancient brown painted pottery, which belong to the Mahabharata period. Similar utensils have also been found at other Mahabharata sites. There is also a fact about this that Indraprastha Apabhramsa, a village called Indraprat, was located in the Purana Fort till the beginning of the present century. While constructing the capital New Delhi, along with other villages, it was also removed. 1628 AD A Sanskrit inscription of the same has been obtained from the village of Sarwal in Delhi. This inscription is present in the museum of Red Fort. This inscription mentions this village located in Indraprastha district.
According to the Mahabharata, the capital of the Kuru country was located on the banks of the Ganges in Hastinapur. When there were relations between the Pandavas and their cousins, the Kauravas deteriorated, Dhritarashtra, the father of the Kauravas, gave the region of Khandavaprastha to the Pandavas on the banks of the Yamuna. He said that a city surrounded by pits like the beach was built and its defensive ramparts were built. Scholars believe that the establishment of the old fort was the same. It is also clear that Indraprastha was the name of a city, which was located in place of the old Usala and the area in which it was located was named Khandavaprastha. After his victory over the Kauravas, the Pandas are said to have handed over the capital Indraprastha to a Yadav descendant belonging to Lord Krishna.
There is another incident, according to which the Pandas demanded five villages from the Kauravas. These were the villages whose name comes last. Which is the Hindi equivalent of Sanskrit. These domesticated villages are Inderpat, Baghpat, Tilpat, Sonipat and Panipat. This tradition is based on the Mahabharata. Places whose names are given. Tilpat village is located on the east bank of Okhla Canal, about 222 km south of Delhi. All these places have been found in the Mahabharata carpet colored ware.
Pura Quila of Delhi Is an Attractive Tourist Destination
Apart from being the oldest of all the forts of Delhi, it is also the oldest of all the structures of Delhi and is situated at a place called Indraprastha which was a famous city. According to legends, this ancient fort was discovered by the Pandavas on the banks of river Yamuna which is more than 5000 years old and was built before Mahabharata period. Researchers have confirmed that inside the old fort Chahar Diwari there was a small Sava named Indraprastha. It is also believed that Humayun's capital day shelter was also located here, which was later renamed Shergarh, India's first Afghan ruler by renewal. With this, after Akbar's army conquered Delhi and Agra, 1556 AD. In this palace after the last Hindu ruler of India, Emperor Hem Chandra Vikramaditya alias Hemu. Recent aircraft were considered inauspicious for rulers like Humayun, Sher Shah and Hemachandra. The Purana Qila is surrounded by many attractive shoulders including the Qila-e-Kuhna Mosque built by Sher Shah, the octagonal red sandstone Sher Sher Mandal, Emperor Akbar - Maham Anga, the cradle mother Carolul Manzil and the southern door mosque. Is from Shergarh. are included. The fort has strong and thick walls with three gates on either side. These walls are 18 meters high and one and a half km long, with three arched gates, also known as Bara Darwaza, Humayun Darwaza in the west and Taluk Dwar in the south. The three entrances are huge two-story structures with bastions on either side, as well as Balkanis or Jharokhas and Sambandh Mandapas. Currently Purana Fort is a place where a visual audio show of the history of Delhi is held every evening.
Location About Purana Quila
This fort is not far from Pragati Maidan, this fort is greenery all around in a very uninhabited environment. The old fort built on the remains of many ancient cities of Delhi Indraprastha is almost rectangular in a radius of about two kilometers.
Its ramparts were decorated by kangaroos, with three routes on either side. It is surrounded by a moat which is connected by the Yamuna River which flows on the eastern side of the fort. The inner gate is called the talaki gate or the abandoned gate. Which is an amalgam of Hindu Hindu chhatris and brackets with traditional Shailamic unstable arches, while the southern gate is called Humayun Darwaza.
Purana Qila The large doors and walls of the old fort were built by Humayun, dating back to 1534 AD. The new capital was named Denpnah. Sher Shah Suri, who defeated Humayun, built some new buildings in the old fort. A proud sound and light show is held here on a preset evening.
What is called the sixth city of Delhi is the same "old"
Purana Fort is one of the oldest places in Delhi. Its present shape was created by Sher Shah Suri, the founder of the Sur Empire. Sher Shah Suri built this stronghold along with the surrounding urban area.
It is believed that when Sher Shah Suri died in 1545, its construction was still incomplete and for this reason his son Islam Shah completed it. But even today, who built some parts of this fort is not fully known.
This fort used to be the inner fort of the city of hideout during Humayun's rule, Humayun repaired it in 1533 and its construction was completed after five years.
In 1540, Sher Shah Suri, the founder of the Suri Empire, defeated Humayun and the fort was named Shergarh, and built many more things in the complex of the fort. The Purana Fort and the places developed in its vicinity are also known as the "sixth city of Delhi".
When Edwin Lutyens was making the new capital of British India, New Delhi, in 1920, he centralized the Purana Fort along Rajpath. Subsequently, at the time of partition in August 1947, Humayun's Tomb as well as the Purana Fort also became a refuge for refugees.
In 1970, the old fort walls were used as the backdrop of the theater, where the National School of Drama was produced. Several plays were produced, such as Tughlaag, Andha Yuga and Sultan Razia, directed by Ibrahim Alkazi.
Sound Light Show at Purana Quila
Presently, sound and light is performed every evening after sunset in the old fort, which is visited by thousands of people to see and enjoy.
The walls of this fort are 18 meters high and the fort also has three arched entrances: Bada Darwaza in the west, Humayun Gate and Talaki Gate in the south. Large doors are still used here.
While the south gate was built by Humayun, it is probably known as Humayun Gate and Humayun's tomb is also visible from the south gate.
All the gates of the fort are built with huge stones and two towers are also built on either side. All the gates of the fort are also decorated with famous artifacts of the time.
Along with this, the balcony, jharokhas and chhatris of the fort have also been decorated and decorated on the basis of Rajasthani art. The depiction of such art is also visible to us in the Mughal Empire.
Purana Fort is an interesting tourist destination of Delhi. Apart from being a historic building, it currently remains a center of attraction for the people of Delhi.
Delhi: New Museum To Be Built In Purana Fort
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and the Government of India are going to jointly set up another museum near the 'Purana Fort' located in Delhi. According to the information, this museum will display objects of archaeological importance from excavations all over India, which are currently in the Central Archaic Collection (CAC) of Purana Fort. In addition, some archaeological items which have been brought back from abroad to the country will also be kept in the museum. According to reports, the museum will be constructed by April 2020.
Union Tourism Minister Prahlad Singh Patel announced this in a written reply in the Lok Sabha on Monday. The Union Tourism Minister has said in his reply that the reason behind the opening of this new museum is the display of objects of archaeological importance such as tools, terracotta, pottery, sculptures, semi-precious stones, architectural pieces, among other things. Also, intended for research scholars, students and the general public. This museum will be built near Purana Fort.
The Central Archaeological Collection serves to preserve the antiquities excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India. Most of the items kept here are of the prehistoric period and some are of the post-independence period. The new museum project will cost around Rs 2 crore. Purana Fort is one of the oldest forts in Delhi. It has witnessed the rise and fall of empires for many centuries, due to which it is also very important from a historical point of view.
|Purana Quila Park|