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Andaman and Nicobar Islands


Andaman and Nicobar Islands





Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a beautiful place in the world.

This union territory of India is made up of about 300 small and large islands, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is situated south of the Bay of Bengal of the Indian Ocean. The capital here is Port Blair. The word Andaman is derived from the Malay language word Hanuman, a modified form of the name of the Hindu Deity Hanuman. The word Nicobar is also derived from this language which means the land of naked people. It is also called the Garden of Eden. Some people believe that 'Adam' was born somewhere around Sri Lanka. Port Blair, the capital of the archipelago, is an Andamanese city. According to the 2011 Census of India, it has a population of 379,944, with 202,330 (53.25%) males and 177,614 (46.75%) females. The sex ratio is 878 females per 1,000 males. Nicobar Island is home to only 10% of the population. The total area of the entire area is about 8249 sq. km or 2508 sq. mi.
Due to the tropical rain forest and the Bay of Bengal, the diversity and beauty of plants, animals and marine life is here. The white marble beach with palm trees on its edges looks as if it is the kingdom of heaven.

Colorful fishes are seen dancing in clean and clear water amidst the rhythm of tribal tabla. The major beaches here are Corbin Cove and Chirayatapu, Harminder Bay Beach, Karamtung Beach, Radhanagar and Vijayanagar Beach, Ramnagar Beach and in addition there is a marine park Vandur National Park.


When Should You Visit Andaman and Nicobar?





The weather in Andaman and Nicobar remains pleasant throughout the year, but if you visit here at the best time, the atmosphere will be even better. The best thing about Andaman and Nicobar is that the temperature here is good throughout the year and the temperature changes are very less. Being a tropical island, Andaman and Nicobar do not get many winters.
The weather in Andaman and Nicobar remains pleasant throughout the year, but if you visit here at the best time, the atmosphere will be even better. The best thing about Andaman and Nicobar is that the temperature here is good throughout the year and the temperature changes are very less. Being a tropical island, Andaman and Nicobar does not have much winter, so it can be distributed during the monsoon and summer seasons. Such temperatures occur in Visakhapatnam or Bengaluru. The sea breeze makes the atmosphere more pleasant for the tourists here.


The Best Time to Visit Andaman and Nicobar is Considered to be Between October and May.

The summer season is considered to be the best for visiting Andaman and Nicobar. There is no rain in this season and the weather is perfect for diving and marine activities. In Andaman, this season starts in January and runs till the end of April. During this time, a large number of tourists come here. During this time all types of water sports are also available for tourists.

Temperature

During this time the temperature ranges from 25 ° C to 32 ° C and the humidity is 80 %( percent). This is the best season to visit Andaman. During this time the air is quite cold and water sports such as jet skiing, scuba diving, parasailing and snorkelling continue.

Why Go During The Summer

Most of the beautiful pictures of Andaman and Nicobar that you have seen on the internet are from this season. Many festivals are also organized in this season. To get into the summer season you do not need to check the temperature, just pack your bag and head out for a trip to Andaman.

Rainy Season

The monsoon season is the second season of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Andaman Islands receive two monsoon rains, the northeast and the southwest monsoon. Let us tell you that the southwest monsoon reaches Andaman first and then turns towards the mainland of India. The northeast monsoon rains occur from November to January while the southwest monsoon occurs from January to January.

Check Before Leaving

It is not considered a good time to visit Andaman and Nicobar, so get information before leaving. During this time, WhatsApp is also closed. Ferry services are also disrupted due to the strong sea breeze, but due to reduced tourist movement, hotels offer cheaper fares. Even in the sky, there are dark clouds instead of black.

Tips

During this time, traveling to Andaman and Nicobar is not as dangerous as it seems. But some occupants may have to face it due to the weather. In this season, you will get a close look at the culture, lifestyle and life of Andaman. If you want to go in this season, take a wingchair, raincoat, umbrella, mosquito repellent, flashlight and power bank with you. During this time do not put expensive gadgets and expensive cameras.


History of Andaman and Nicobar Islands





  
The islands were destroyed by the Marathas in the 16th century. It was then ruled by the British and later taken over by Japan during World War II. The island was also under the Azad Hind Fauj of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose for some time. Very few people would know that the tricolor was hoisted at Port Blair for the first time anywhere in the country. Here Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose took off the Union Jack on 30 December 1943 and hoisted the tricolor flag. Therefore, on 30 December, a grant program has been launched by the Andaman and Nicobar administration. General Lokanathan was also the governor of this place. After independence from the British government in 1949, it became a union territory of India.
This place was used by the British rule to keep the revolutionaries away from India under oppressive policies in the freedom movement. Because of this the place was notorious among the agitators known as Kalapani. A separate prison, the Cellular Jail, was built for imprisonment in Port Blair, similar to Siberia for British India.
On December 26, 2007, more than 4000 people died on the island due to the havoc of tsunami waves.


District

There are three districts in Andaman and Nicobar Islands: -

1.   North and Central Andaman District
2.   South Andaman District
3.   Nicobar District


Transportation
Through Airlines

Regular flights of all major airlines of the country connect Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi, Bangalore, Mumbai and Bhubaneswar to Port Blair. There are a total of 18 flights throughout the day. Lieutenant Governor Prof. Due to the efforts of Jagdish Mukhi, airfares have also come down significantly.

Through Waterway

Ships from Kolkata, Chennai and Visakhapatnam go to Port Blair. It takes two to three days to leave. There is no definite time for the ship to sail from Port Blair.

Major Attraction in Island

1.    Corbin Cove and Chiraiya Island:

Corbin Cove and Chiraiya Island is one of the most beautiful and ideal places to sunbathe. When the loud but musical sound of the ocean and the tinkling of sparrows dissolve in the ears, it seems that the voice of the soul is coming from within us. The dense mangrove forests here are home to a wide variety of birds, providing a wonderful experience for tourists.

2.    Harminder Bay Beach:

By soaking the throat with fresh coconut water, you can enjoy swimming among the dolphin fishes in the sea waves here. Harminder Bay Beach is located in Hut Bay, 100 kilometers from Port Blair, where the inter-island can be reached only by boat service.

3.    Karamtung Beach:

There are a large number of turtles on this beach, which will enchant you. The island's sandy beaches are famous for making turtles home. Some important species of turtles are here - such as the leatherback turtle, sea green turtle, hawk turtle and olive turtle, water monitoring lizard, salt water pot and reticulate catanut etc. This beach is located in Maya Bandar which is 240. 136 km by road and by boat from Port Blair in the middle of Andaman.

4.    Radhanagar and Vijayanagar Beach:

For all nature lovers, the holy, untouched beaches here are very beautiful and the center of attraction. It has a separate housing system away from the tropical greenery and bustle of urban life. It is an ideal Holi-Day venue. Radhanagar and Vijayanagar coast are located in Hawe Lok.

5.    Ramnagar Beach:

Beautiful sand-filled Ramnagar beach is able to give you peace again.

6.    Vandur National Park:

This park is famous for wildlife sanctuary. The Vandur National Park consists of about 12 islands and is located about 30 kilometers southwest of Port Blair. It is one of the best sea parks in India.
Most parts of the island have gardens that are covered with dense trees, the open spaces here are also full of shrubs and vine. Due to dense trees, vines and bushes, the sound of birds can be heard here, but they are difficult to see. Branches and vines are seen hanging above the sea.
Certainly, a vacation on the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is nothing less than a paradise. You cannot forget the experience of living here for a lifetime. It is the most suitable place for spirituality seekers. Definitely salvation can be found by staying here.

Stories of Andaman and Nicobar Islands



Chennai and Visakhapatnam are largely covered by dark green tropical forest, the archipelago is rich in wildlife including some extremely rare species of birds, but the major attraction for tourists lies in the beaches and most of the ancient islands. I have a ring Filled with colourful fish and very beautiful creatures, the Andaman Sea's crystal-clear water is the world's best and least pear seawater reserves- perfect for snorkelling and scuba diving. However, sometimes some visitors still appear in parts of the archipelago.
For administrative purposes, the Andaman are grouped with the Nicobar Islands, 200 km further to the south, but these are strictly borders for foreigners, with no direct trade Indians there. About two hundred islands form the Andaman group and Nicobar is nineteen. They are of varying size, the summit of a submarine mountain range that extends 755 km to the south of the Arkana Yama Range in Burma. Most remote indigenous tribes are populated by parts, resulting in dramatic nineteenth-century European settlement and, more recently, large-scale deforestation, now the least restrictive in theory.

With wood-extraction cash cows now largely tethered, tourism will replace tree cutting on Andaman as the main source of revenue. However, the envisaged additional visitor numbers are certainly high enough to overcome the already inadequate infrastructure, seasonal water scarcity and sewage disposal problems. Given India's current track record with the development of tourism, it is difficult to speculate optimistically about how these issues will be managed. As a result, it is no small pity that plans to allow flights from South East Asia and further borders to enter India at Port Blair begin to take hold permanently,
The arrival of boats and aircraft is the small but busy capital of Port Blair in South Andaman, which is about half of the total population. Hawcock is the only island to develop fully tourist infrastructure, although its small neighbour Neil is going in the same direction. Other places where foreigners can spend the night are on the large islands of Central and North Andaman, which connect the Andaman Trunk Road (ATR), the southern long-haul and remote land island, and the smallest Andaman of South Andaman. The outer islands are the richest in natural beauty, with coral around Smith's beaches and sinks of special note. Reaching such places is not always easy, as connections and transportation can be irregular, often uncomfortable and severely limited.
The earliest mention of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands dates back to the second century BCE. Is found in Ptolemy's geographical texts. Other inscriptions of five hundred years after the Chinese Buddhist monk I am using 'Me' and depicting Arab travelers crossing the ninth century as fierce and cannibalistic. However, it is not speculated that the Andamanese were cannibals, as the most obvious reports of their brutality were propagated by Malay pirates who impacted the surrounding seas, and the need to keep the robbers away from trade ships landing in India. Who had crossed Between China and India?
During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, European missionaries and trading companies focused their attention on the islands in the context of colonialism. A string of unsuccessful attempts to convert the Nicobarians to Christianity were made by the French, Dutch and Danish, all of whom were forced to abandon their plans due to wounded diseases and lack of food and water. Although the missionaries had met themselves with any hostility, several fleets of merchant ships were attempting to dock on the islands, and their crew were killed by Nicobarians.
In 1777, British Lieutenant Archibald Blair chose the port of South Andaman, now known as the site for a penal colony as Portal Blair, although it was not successfully established until 1858, when the uprising in 1857 Was created to evacuate political activists to promote land and build their own prison. Out of 773 prisoners, 292 people were killed, or hanged in the first two months. Many lost their lives in an attack by Andamanese tribes who objected to the forest clearance, but by 1864 the number of criminals had risen to three thousand. Port Blair is still the center of major "tourist attractions".

The islands were occupied by the Japanese during World War II, who tortured and murdered hundreds of indigenous islanders suspected of collaborating with the British and bombed the houses of the Jarawa tribe. The British army retreated in 1945, and the penal settlement eventually ended.
After partition, the refugees-mostly low-caste Hindus from Bengal - were given land in Port Blair and North Andaman, where the forests apparently fell to make room for rice paddy, cocoa plantations and new industries. "Posting" This undesirable population is very high in the number of indigenous people of Andaman, which is about 0.5 percent of the total is found.

Information About Tourist Destination In Andaman

South Andaman is the most populous of the Andaman Islands - especially around the capital Blair - thanks to the tough thin section of trees to deal with this problem. Foreign tourists can only reach the south and east-central - including Corbin's Cove and Chiria Island, along the coastline on the west coast, 35 km southwest of Port Blair, and Madhuban and Mount Harriet, on the capital's landscape there are beaches. From the east coast across the bay.
With its own transport, it is easy to connect with small villages that are streaked, weave through forests and coconut fields, and rid your way of marshes and rocks.

Information about Nile Island Andaman

Tiny, triangular-shaped indigo, is the southernmost inhabited island in the Ritchie Archipelago, located two hours northeast of Port Blair on the Fast Ferry. Its fertile center, the capital's source of many fresh fruits and vegetables, is surrounded by curtains of magnificent tropical trees, including small fields and bright patches of green leaves with banana plants. The beaches are mediocre by Andaman's standards, but are worth a route to or from Havelock for a day or two, as it is less developed with fewer than ten accommodation options, with some visitors offering more extended stay. Preferred to busy neighbors looking for.

The Nile Boasts Five Beaches, All within Cycling Distance of The Small Market, From Top To Pier.
The best place to swim is the Nile Center, a group of white sands on the northern coast that is located on the jetty and dotted with beautiful wooden fishing boats. To the east, this mixture occurs in Bharatpur and Laxman Nagar, which is about 3 km. heading west: To reach Laxman Nagar by road, when the road from the jetty meets the market, drive the head on the road for twenty minutes, until it makes its way to a surface, on the right side of the low headland. There is a wide bend of white-urban sand wrapped around it, with shallow waters offering good snorkeling, although one cannot find any time other than high tide upon entering the water. Tons are difficult.
The open sea is exposed and thus high tide, Sitapur beach, likely to be 6 km southeast of the Nile center is also attractive and reaps the benefits of a sandy bottom spanning the sea. Neil's ride to the central paddy land is pleasant, but there are no facilities outside the two new guesthouses on the intermediate Ram Nagar beach.

Information about Havelock

Howlock is the largest island in the archipelago of Ritchie, and has been inhabited by many Bengali refugees since partition, most densely cultivated, inhabited - as have many in the region for their regular ferry connections with the capital. Thanks to, also done elsewhere in Andaman. Number greater than. In the recent peak season, about a thousand tourists can be accommodated at a time, increasing the number of Indians, causing an explosion in housing and tourism shops, many (of the rest of the country) owned by Kashmiris.

Information About North Andaman




Cut into dense forests, North Andaman is at least populated by large islands in the area, populated by a separate road crossing and connecting its scattered Bengali settlements. Although parts are seriously logged, the total absence of unstable roads in the northern and western regions has ensured blanket protection for a vast stretch of complex coastal terrain, from the Austin Strait in the southwest to the Cape at the northern tip.  It is reassuring to know that at least one wide forest survives in Andaman.
Known in the British era as Port Cornwallis, the largest settlement in North Andaman is another dismal market, where you are likely to drive longer and take a local bus north from the coast. Unless you are taking a boat (novice or Ross Islands) or Port Blair, it is better to stay 9 km northeast of Ariel Bay harbor, 9 km from Kalipur, where there is a beautiful desert beach, Swimming in photogenic driftwood which is supported by the prevailing wilderness and is best at high tide as the water drains into the rocky soil reservoir. Offshore snorkeling is also excellent, especially along the reef which is 500 meters towards the islet.
It is possible to walk from Kalipur to Sadal Peak, the highest mountain in Andaman at 737 meters, which rises dramatically to the south, full of lush green forest. Permission for three to four hours of climbing should be taken from the Range Officer at the forest post near the start of the climb, but it should be attempted without any guide and plenty of drinking water.
Another enjoyable day trip is near the limestone caves, which are 12 kilometers south of the Ramnagar beach, used by the Dingai of Kalipur. At Pristine Beach Resort, you can arrange a guide for Dingai or Saddle Peak Climb.

It Is Surprising To Know The Mysterious Tribal Of India's Mysterious Andaman And Nicobar Islands
The Union Territory of India, the Andaman-Nicobar Islands, was under the British Raj for 200 years. During this period, the British government used to send rebellious and dangerous criminals to the CELLULAR JAIL here, which the Indians knew as 'KALAPANI'. There are 572 islands in Andaman and Nicobar and 37 of them are populated, the rest are empty. The tribal here have always been in discussion.
It is home to many tribal and tribal groups in Africa and India. The central government specifically declared the Jarawa tribe and their territory protected under a 1956 law and prohibited the entry of unauthorized people. Indian administration gives this community the right to live in its own way. The Jarawa Reserve area is built on the islands for the Jarawa people who hunt and feed.
Despite this, tourists make unauthorized entry into their area by paying money to local urban people or fishermen. There can be many reasons for entering. The first is that they come to know from elsewhere that the tribal people here are 'wonders'. So they go to see them. The second is that some tourists come to him and his area for photography. However, it is also learned that some people have started moving there as part of their effort to convert them. According to an estimate, about 2 lakh tourists come here every year. Recently, 27-year-old American John Eileen Shao entered there with the help of fishermen. In the forest, the tribals attacked him with arrows, which led to his death. John is said to have been a resident of Alabama, USA. The Andamans used to come many times to propagate Christianity for the purpose of conversion.



Tribal Groups Are Dangerous:

6 to 7 groups of native tribes were once housed in Andaman-Nicobar Jarawa, Ongae, Great Andamanese, Sentanellez, Shompens and Bo. Today only 4 of these tribe groups are left.
A thousand-year-old human tribe still lives on Sentinel Island.
The Jarawa tribe is one of the oldest tribes of human civilization, living on the islands of the Indian Ocean for thousands of years. It is still living in the Stone Age. They are said to have arrived here from Africa 50,000 years ago. This tribe lives in southern Andaman. Jung is also a descendant of the Jarawa tribe but is cut off from Rutland Island. The main job of the Ongay tribe is to hunt and hunt for food. Champens are native to Nicobar. They live in the middle of the island of Nicobar. The Centanelles tribe has no contact with the outside world. They are native to Andaman. It is one of the most dangerous tribes in the world.

Most Dangerous Jarawa Tribe:



The Jarawa tribe living in the island is considered quite dangerous. Jarawa people are usually dark black. The Jarawa Tribal have no contact with the outside world. The clan also attacks those who try to reach there. More than 500 Jarawa community people live in Andaman. Those who do not go to any outsider nor allow them to keep contact with their cities.

SOCIAL WORKERS SAY THEY FEAR OUTSIDERS.

Only one Andaman trunk road passes through the Jarawa tribe area. Trains to the area pass continuously without stopping and no trains are allowed to stop. Army vehicles also follow back and forth while going to Jarawa region, as Jarawa people can attack tourists at any time with their spears, bows etc. 
In December 2004, the Union Home Ministry formulated a policy with the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and the Andaman and Nicobar Administration to protect the Jarawa people. Given the important role of the Jarawa community in preserving all the traditional things found in the forest, their reserve area was increased from 847 sq km to 1,028 sq km. The same islands are inhabited by a large number of people from endangered tribal groups such as the Great Andamanese, Onges, Sentinelis and Shomens.
Anthropologists say that these tribals living in the middle of a forest cut off from the main society for nearly 50,000 years are extremely dangerous. However, their troubles are increasing due to tourists. They have extremely dangerous arrows and command. They do not leave anyone entering their territory.

Jarawa’s Lifestyle:




 
Pork is the favorite food of the Jarawa tribe for which they hunt in groups. These people still hunt fish, pigs and crabs with bows and arrows. Jarawa men and women collect honey from tall trees and use it as food. He is said to have knowledge of over 150 trees and plants and over 250 animal species. For the first time in 1998, Jarawa came to cities outside his region without a bow and arrow. In 1990, the Jarawa tribe was given the facility to build a house by the local government, but only a few Jarawas emerged from their area. They do not tolerate any interference in their area. The people of the Jarawa tribe still live without clothes, but with the arrival of outside populations in recent years, people give them clothes if they give them clothes. These people are very fond of singing and dancing.
It is said that by coming in contact with outsiders, they have learned to drink alcohol and eat betel and tobacco. This tribe is now coming in contact with people from outside world. But if the color of any of their children does not match with theirs, they kill them. It is also the tradition of the tribe that if a widow becomes a mother or a child belongs to an outsider, they kill her. There have been many such cases continuously, but the police is ordered not to interfere in it.

Tribal of Jharkhand Also Live Here:

There are other tribal groups in Andaman and Nicobar. Around 1918, the British moved hundreds of tribals from Simdega, Khunti, Gumla, Chaibasa, Ranchi, Chota Nagpur and many other areas of Andaman and Nicobar for construction work and road construction. These tribals of Jharkhand beautified this land in the middle of the sea and opened the way for common people to come here. According to an estimate, the tribal groups of Jharkhand's Oraon, Lohra, Munda, Kharia etc. are inhabited by thousands.

Moving from the capital Port Blair, these people have settlements in Ferganj, Ramnagar, Baratang and Zirkang. Baratang, 100 km from Port Blair, also has a population of Jharkhand. In Radhanagar, Havelock, Nicobar, Jharkhandis have made a mark with their hard work.

The tribes of Andaman and Nicobar are called tribes of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India. The major tribes and their number are as follows:

NICOBARI - 30,000
ONGI - 100
JARWA - 240
GREAT ANDAMANESE - 45
SHONAMANI – 200

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands cover a total of 246 small and large islands.
The capital of Andaman and Nicobar is “PORT BLAIR” which is located on the southern Andaman Islands. All legal cases in Andaman and Nicobar are dealt with in the Kolkata High Court.

NOTES
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Union Territory India
Capital Port Blair
Largest City Port Blair
Population 3, 80,581
Density 46 / km
Area 8,249 sq km
District 3
Official Language Hindi, English
Formed On 1 November 1956

Government and Administrator

Lieutenant Governor- Admiral (ret.) Devendra Kumar Joshi
Indian Parliament - Lok Sabha (1 seat)
High Court - Calcutta High Court (Port Blair Bench)







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